Facts About Shock Absorbers

off roader

At one point we may ask ourselves, how cars maintain contact with the road even after hitting bumpy regions? This is made possible by the vehicle`s shock absorbers. They can be described as hydraulic tools that are designed to contain sudden shock impulses; this is made possible by their ability to convert kinetic energy to heat which is then released. The following are facts about shock absorbers,

Types of shock absorbers

There are three main types of shock absorbers namely; spring seat, strut and conventional telescopic.

Conventional telescopic

They are located on the front and back suspension system of a vehicle and are relatively cheap. Instead of being repaired they are replaced.


They are built to carry large loads and are located at the back and front of medium vehicles. This type of shock absorbers can be further be divided into seal and repairable. The seal is replaced when they wear out, while repairable struts just as their name suggest are repaired by replacing cartridges when they wear out.

Spring seat

They don’t hold heavy loads but are made up of the same components as the telescopic. You will also have to replace them when they are worn out entirely.


When you say they convert kinetic energy to heat which will be then released to the atmosphere, it feels complicated.  Let’s break it down; shock absorbers are fundamentally pumps. They contain hydraulic fluid which is held in pressure tubes and works hand in hand with pistons. Upon the suspension moving up and down, it makes the hydraulic fluid run through small holes located inside the cylinder. Because of their size, they only allow a small amount of the hydraulic fluid to the piston thus reducing the movement of the springs and also suspension.

Common complications with shock absorbers

When driving through a pothole filled terrain or involved in an accident, it is advised to check on your shocks. Hydraulic fluid leaking is the major complication when it comes to shock absorbers. You should regularly have your car serviced by professional mechanics to detect these leaks early.

How to detect faulty shock absorbers

Stopping distances

When your car takes longer to completely stop after braking, it’s a sign that your shocks are worn out.


If you feel vibrations on the steering wheel when driving this is an indication that you have faulty shock absorbers.


When shock absorbers are faulty cars will tend to slide and veer during strong winds.

Tire wear

If you notice uneven tire wear in your car, you should get your car shock absorbers replaced.


If your car makes noises when you drive over bumps or railway lines, it’s a sign that your shock absorbers are considerably worn out.

Importance of shock absorbers

They play a very import role in making your vehicle stability and ensuring the comfort of your passengers. It is essential to look out for any signs of worn out shock absorbers and have them replaced to guarantee your safety and also improve your driving experience.